9th month of the Hijra calendar
is derived from the Arabic root word ramida or ar-ramad denoting
intense scorching heat and dryness, especially the ground.
word Ramadan is so called to indicate the heating sensation in the
stomach as a result of thirst. Some say it is so called because
Ramadan scorches out the sins with good deeds, as the sun burns
the ground. Others say it is so called because the hearts and souls
are more readily receptive to the admonition and remembrance of
Allah during Ramadan, just as the sand and stones are receptive
to the sun's heat.
framers of this beautiful language may have been inspired by Allah
(SWT) in naming this month Ramadan. The relation between heat and
its properties is miraculously similar to that of Ramadan and the
change it wrought in fasters. Just as heat generates change in shape
and form as it molds matter - from metal and plastics, to plants
and living cells - Ramadan affords a serious believer an opportunity
to remold, reshape, reform, and renew his physical and spiritual
disposition and behavior. Just as 'dhikr is the polish for the heart',
Rámádhân is the polish that helps remove the
rust from the physical and spiritual self.
in the month of Ramadan is compulsory on every Muslim adult.
The Arabic word sawm is used for fasting.
word sawm (plural siyam) literally means 'to refrain', but as an
Islamic term, it means refraining from food, drink, sexual and other
undesirable activities from dawn to sunset.